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political causes of first war of independence 1857 in detail

PLAY. The First War of Independence, 1857. which angered the local ruler, who had to now live i… Zamindars, the traditional landed aristocracy, often saw their land rights forfeited with frequent use of a quo warranto by the administration. Although, it was unsuccessful but left great memories. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. x��W[o�6~���GjX��Ph.2�m��C�ƒ-a�d�R]������$�� ������܏�巕iȻw����nH��=���&W�g�9�y���q��I�#����B�4�����pS�"�1��5�P�D�~�H"E�>G��������a-a �����y���o�����-`#��� ����#��*Θ�c��A��D��R���@RDʄ)��e����l��+��ĞbbϽ)�$ey��3��GQ��`yH����w �.�L +��+[w����y�S3+�;z�15�)���m�F �qw�ۜ�"M+|7�e�,J�. Racial overtones and a superiority complex. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. The eastern, southern and western parts of India remained more or less unaffected. Gravity. Flashcards. The British captured Delhi on September 20, 1857 after prolonged and bitter fighting. You can follow us on LinkedIn and for more updates related to UPSC IAS Preparation, Like our Facebook Page and subscribe our Diligent IAS Youtube Channel, Hi! They imposed exorbitant rates of land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment. Modern educated Indians viewed this revolt as backward looking, and mistakenly hoped the British would usher in an era of modernisation. The era of annexations and expansion ended and the British promised to respect the dignity and rights of the native princes. 10:00 AM to 7:00 PM IST all days. <>>> Dr R.C. There are many causes for this war which are: Political. Causes of Revolt of 1857. The East India Company ruled India for about 200 years but it was for the first time that when someone revolted against the British in 1857. Terrible vengeance was wreaked on the inhabitants of Delhi. %���� The direct responsibility for the administration of the country was assumed by the British Crown and Company rule was abolished. Limited territorial spread was one factor, there was no all-India veneer about the revolt. According to Marxist historians, the 1857 revolt was “the struggle of the soldier-peasant democratic combine against foreign as well as feudal bondage”. -Immediate Cause: Greasing the cartridges of Enfield Rifle with cow & pig fat, sentiments of soldiers were hurt, Mangal Pandey shot British officer and later Mangal Pandey was hung, this infuriated the Indian soldiers and they started the revolt. PLAY. Immediate banning of cow slaughter was ordered once the revolt was successful in a particular area. Hence, t… <> e.g. ii. A large number of Indian rulers and chiefs were dislodged, thus arousing fear in the minds of other ruling families who apprehended a similar fate. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. ICSE History Chapter No.1 The First War of Independence (1857) Revolt of 1857 -Causes: Political, Socio-Religious, Economic & Military. First war of independence, 1857. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. The revolt began at Meerut, 58 km from Delhi, on May 10, 1857 and then, gathering force rapidly, soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the north and the Narmada in the south to Bihar in the east and Rajputana in the west. War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. Hence, t… Political and Social Causes of Revolt of 1857 Recently Akash got to know that revolt of 1857 is also known as First War of Independence. Begun in Meerut by Indian troops in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow. With the fall of Delhi the focal point of the revolt disappeared. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 5 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 1>> Created by. The British Government had to pour immense supplies of men, money and arms into the country, though Indians had to later repay the entire cost through their own suppression. The First War of Independence, 1857. The main causes of the War were political, social, economical, military and religious. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. In 1857 British faced a serious challenge to their rule in India. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). The causes of the War of Independence were political, economic, religious, social and military. Terms in this set (16) What were the political causes of the first war of independence? Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… Spell. The First War of Independence, 1857. And then came the explosion at Meerut. It led to changes in the system of administration and the policy of the Government. ICSE Solutions for Class 10 History and Civics – First War of Independence: 1857. 1800-212-7858 / 9372462318. Economic Frustration: Occupation of India by the East India Company was not for any altruistic motives, rather for pure mercantilist objectives. Write. The causes of the War of Independence were political, economic, religious, social and military. Lack of a coherent ideology and a political perspective. • In 1858, after the war of independence, India came under the British Crown directly. Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, … Number of historians argue that the revolt. It was initiated to get rid of the British domination. It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. endobj 2 0 obj The Army, which was at the forefront of the outbreak, was thoroughly reorganised and British military policy came to be dominated by the idea of “division and counterpoise”. 3 0 obj It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. endobj Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. 2. V D Savarkar wrote book in 1902 and called revolt of 1857 as 1st National War of Independence because: The revolt represented the biggest coordinated armed revolt against the British rule. STUDY. 1800-212-7858 / 9372462318. why did the doctrine of lapse become a political cause for the great uprising of 1857 - History and Civics - TopperLearning.com | f96hc6yy ... For Study plan details. Tyrannical Rule: • The rebels due to their incompetence failed to … The assumption of the Government of India by the sovereign of Great Britain was announced by Lord Canning at a durbar at Allahabad in the ‘Queen’s Proclamation’ issued on November 1, 1858. Restrictions on wearing caste and sectarian marks. %PDF-1.5 The activities of christian missionaries who followed the british flag in India. He researched about it and found out that it was for the first time that local rulers and zamindars stood against the British Rule. This resulted in a loss of status for them in the villages. By the early twentieth century, the debate has taken a form that endures to this day, as radical nationalists discovered a general state of ‘war’ in the events of 1857-59, while the apologists of empire preferred the suggestion of a local disturbance that the term ‘mutiny’ evoked. Policy of expansion 2. WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1857. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. V D Savarkar wrote book in 1902 and called revolt of 1857 as 1st National War of Independence because: The revolt represented the biggest coordinated armed revolt against the British rule. Views differ on the nature of the 1857 revolt. 1. Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai 4. Majumdar, however, considers it as neither the first, nor national, nor a war of independence as large parts of the country remained unaffected and many sections of the people took no part in the upsurge. 5 0 obj The emperor was exiled to Rangoon where he died in 1862. Certain classes and groups did not join the revolt. Political and Social Causes of Revolt of 1857 Recently Akash got to know that revolt of 1857 is also known as First War of Independence. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. *����d�� �;J��>�?�u���� WN�U��Q״��tn�'��Л�W�,��u��!����}Zf$�#�uʲ� �cH߄�c�u s�q �5:�e����fA��.R_%����Of��%�\ˌ%����? The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. Tyrannical Rule: • The rebels due to their incompetence failed to … <>/F 4/A<>/StructParent 0>> By one estimate, not more than one-fourth of the total area and not more than one-tenth of the total population was affected. Newly introduced Enfield rifle’s trigger point was made of beef and pig fat. stream It was initiated to get rid of the British domination. Gravity. On the other hand, the European soldiers were equipped with the latest weapons of war like the Enfield rifle. The Scholars of England called the famous event of 1857 as the sepoy Mutiny. Causes of the War of Independence. Less than a first war of Independence, India came under the Doctrine of Lapse was applied only. Was no all-India veneer about the revolt of 1857 – causes the revolt was poorly organized with no or..., but multiple factors played their role causes the revolt of 1857 is remarkable! 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